AWS WAF rate based rule


I have implemented waf security automation and as per this implementation if an user is trying to send more that 100 requests per 5 minute then that ip will be blocked.

I observed that user is trying to breach the threshold limit of rate based rule by sending less than 100 requests (lets say 95 or 85 or 80 requests) per 5 minutes.

How can we over come this issue and prevent attacker from breaching the threshold of rate based rule. is there any customized solution available for this issue ?

Thanks !

asked 6 months ago291 views
2 Answers


If an attacker is deliberately trying to stay below the threshold to avoid getting blocked by AWS WAF's rate-based rules, there are several additional strategies you can implement to identify and potentially block or rate-limit such behavior:

The most straightforward solution is to simply lower the threshold. If you observe patterns where users consistently send 80-95 requests per 5 minutes, lower the threshold to something like 60 or 70 requests.

Analyze Request Patterns: Look for patterns in the requests: Request Frequency: Are requests evenly spaced out, or do they come in bursts? User-Agents: Are they using known scraping tools, or perhaps all requests have the same or missing User-Agent? Request Content: Are they always requesting the same resources or sending the same POST data?

Instead of blocking, consider implementing a temporary allow-list. If a user exceeds a threshold, rather than blocking them, allow-list them for a certain period. If they continue to send requests at a high rate even when they're on the allow list, it's an indication they might be a bot and you can then consider blocking them.

Regards, Andrii

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answered 6 months ago
  • is it possible to block device id of an user automatically if the user is violating the waf rule ?

Accepted Answer

Directly blocking a device ID based on WAF (Web Application Firewall) rule violations is not standard practice or built-in functionality for AWS WAF or most other WAFs.

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answered 6 months ago
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reviewed 6 months ago

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